Since all lumber at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber comes in different shapes and sizes, we measure it by the boardfoot (BF). A long time ago, the sawmills needed a way to figure volume of wood so that they could communicate to the customer how much they needed while also maximizing the amount that could be milled from a tree.
This is the way we calculate that measurement at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber and the easiest way is:
(Thickness in Inches) multiplied by (Width in Inches) multiplied by (Length in Inches), take all of that and divide it by 144.
So for example, one piece of 4/4 lumber (1inch), 8 inches wide, by 72 inches long, is 4 board feet.
(1) x (8) x (72),
divided by 144 = 4 BF
The woods for sale at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber vary in hardness. Of course, you would want to use a harder wood for surfaces like tables and desks and softer woods for molding, carving, and other things.
The scale that most of the world uses is called the Janka Scale. A Janka hardness test is performed by pushing a 0.44″ diameter steel ball into the wood until half its diameter is embedded within the wood. The force required to push the steel ball halfway in the wood is expressed as pounds-force (lbf) which will equal your Janka hardness rating.
When deciding lumber for a project, it is crucial to use the wood with the correct toughness.
Here are some examples of common woods:
White Oak – 1350 lbf
Beech – 1300 lbf
Red Oak – 1220 lbf
Walnut – 1010 lbf
Cherry – 950 lbf
Alder – 590 lbf
Poplar – 540 lbf
When you buy rough-cut lumber, the industry-standard thickness measurement is done in 1/4″ increments. The ‘quarter’ part is the total number of quarter inches that make up the thickness in its rough state.
When you buy 4/4 lumber, or any lumber using the ‘quarter’ standard, you will notice that it might be a tad smaller than an inch. This happens as sawmills cut the rough lumber to 1 inch with possible variation. Once the wood leaves the sawmill, it might go through other various operations that can affect the thickness, such as rough planing.
4/4 Lumber at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber can vary anywhere from 3/4″ to 1″ in thickness depending on the piece.
Here is a handy guide to help when planning your next woodworking project:
¾” – 1” is 4/4 lumber
+1”- 1 ¼” is 5/4 lumber
+1 ¼” – 1 ½” is 6/4 lumber
+1 ½” – 1 ¾” is 7/4 lumber
+1 ¾” – 2” is 8/4 lumber
+2” – 2 ¼” is 9/4 lumber
+2 ¼” – 2 ½” is 10/4 lumber
+2 ½” – 2 ¾” is 11/4 lumber
+2 ¾” – 3” is 12/4 lumber
+3 – 3 ¼” is 13/4 lumber
+3 ¼” – 3 ½” is 14/4 lumber
+3 ½” – 3 ¾” is 15/4 lumber
+3 ¾” – 4” is 16/4 lumber
Anything 4”x4”, 6”x6”, 8”x8”, or 10”x10” square is considered a post
A good Rule Of thumb with any woodworking project is to account for 30% waste and always buy your boards bigger than what you need for your finished item.
We offer many services at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber to cut down and shape your board to the exact way that you would like it.
Here at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber, we can cut any board just about any way that you would like it!
On Domestic Woods:
We will cut the board down to size for you but we ask that you leave us 4ft to resale if you do not plan on buying the entire board.
On Exotic Woods:
We will cut the board down to any size that you would like regardless if you buy the whole board or not.
On Sheet Materials:
On certain sheet goods, we will cut them in half for you and sell a half sheet but please ask a sales associate for full details.
Once you purchase the material, we can cut it down for easier transport as needed!
We strive to carry a wide selection of lumber of all species and sizes.
However certain trees grow bigger than others so this limits our selection of super wide boards.
The majority of 4/4 lumber is 5″ to 7″ wide. Thicker lumber, such as 8/4, is often mostly 7″-10″.
We strive to provide a selection of widths however most of our lumber is 4″ or wider. If you need narrow stock we have many options for you including thin off-cuts. If we have a board that you want, we also offer ripping services.
With the vast selection of woods, we carry at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber 12″ or wider is no problem in some woods in some thicknesses.
However, the norm with hardwood lumber in 4/4 thickness is often less than 12″ wide. It’s not impossible to get 12″ or wider boards, it’s just not common. It is more common for thicker lumber such as 8/4 or 10/4 to be available in wider widths.
A caution we would give as well is that wide lumber that is only 4/4 thick has a high probability of warping.
Please let us know if your project requires 12″ or wider board widths, and if we can accommodate your request, we will do so. Please understand that there is no guarantee that we can source wide boards in all species.
If we can not accommodate your request, we can still help, but we must ask what your project is so that we can provide you with the best possible advice.
There are many things that we can do to provide you with your wide boards; we have even glued up surfaces in the past up to 8ft wide! Here are some solutions and services that might help:
Panel Glue-up (take small boards and glue them together to make a large one)
Bow-ties (take slabs, live edge, or cracked/checked lumber and connect it using small patches)
We can do all these things for you right at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber. Please discuss anything you might need with your sales associate.
Yes of course! OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber is here to help with anything that you might need.
Please just provide us with as much information as possible about your project.
It’s not uncommon for customers to ask us to cut, plane, or saw on boards so they fit their project perfectly. We are here to help and have a full woodshop to satisfy all your needs.
There were a few reasons why we moved, but the biggest and best reason was the location. Our new shop is very close to Grizzly Industrial Tools, and since we offer limited tools and they offer limited (if any) lumber, we thought we would make your trip to Springfield easier.
Now you can buy your lumber at OP Domestic & Exotic Lumber and a tool supercenter is right around the corner!!
We can also pick up your Grizzly Internet orders and have them waiting for you at our shop (call for details)